Farahan rugs and carpets have been prized for their sturdy construction and their quiet, all-over patterning. The most customary border is the “turtle” (a pair of split arabesques) on a ground of corrosive green that is produced by the use of a copper salt that causes the wool dyed with it to wear more rapidly than the portions dyed with other colors, resulting in a sculptured surface effect.
The rugs and carpets from the Farahan district are excellent and are world famous. SAROUKis the most renowned product of the region.
Farahan rugs come in different sizes, but the majority of them are mid-size (4 x 6 to 8 x 10 feet).
Most of them have a dark-blue ground with an endless repeat of the Herati design in which a diamond lattice peeps through a tangle of rose blossoms and leaves. The coloring may be continuously varied within such a repeat, producing attractive changes in effect.
Soft wool; thin, tight pile. Warp is mostly cotton; weft is either cotton or wool.